Problems of the scalp, ranging from dandruff to more inflammatory conditions, occupy much of a trichologist’s time. As with the hair, these problems can be symptomatic of some other metabolic variation. Stress, poor diet, or even some allergies to certain foods, can be responsible for the build up and shedding of dead skin cells.
The management of hair and scalp that are excessively greasy is another area in which the advice of a qualified trichologist is often sought. Here, guidance on the right type of shampoo for any particular individual, and on its frequency of use, might be particularly relevant.
Many infants, during the first three months of life, develop a matted, crusted scale of the scalp, with reddening. Some also develop simultaneous scaling and reddening behind the ears and on the neck. A rash may sometimes accompany the condition. Cradle cap is a form of seborrheic dermatitis and is fairly easily controlled but not cured. In most cases, cure will eventually occur spontaneously, but if the condition persist, consult a trichologist.
Psoriasis is a common scaling skin disease which affects around 1 to 2 per cent of the population. Most psoriasis sufferers will develop psoriasis of the scalp at some time, and the condition is both distressing and cosmetically disfiguring. However, psoriasis does not generally cause permanent loss of hair.
The precise cause of psoriasis is not known, but it is almost certainly the result of a disorder of the immune system.& nbsp; Confusion can occur with other conditions, and correct diagnosis prior to treatment is essential.
Ringworm is a parasitic skin infection caused by a fungus. It can be disfiguring and often causes hair loss. There are several types and variants of the condition and, in certain circumstances, it can lead to scarring and permanent hair loss. Infection can result from direct personal contact or via objects such as hairdressing clippers. Ringworm often reaches near epidemic proportions in schools and is mainly a disease of childhood. It is a serious condition which requires immediate and appropriate treatment. It should not be ignored!
An inherited, itchy, inflammatory, scaling scalp condition which can cause much discomfort and embarrassment. The condition is treatable, with much success, but is not wholly curable.
A heavy scaling condition which can cause patchy hair loss. Prompt treatment can remove scaling and stop progression of associated hair loss.
A scalp condition affecting areas of the scalp in contact with a chemical irritant. Symptoms can range from mild scaling and irritation to violent allergic reaction. Trichological treatment is very effective.
A pustular condition mostly affecting young black men. It can lead to permanent hair loss and even to KELOIDS (raised scar tissue at the back of the neck). Prompt treatment and correct advice are essential, but the condition is not always curable.